Course Notes – TOLES Advanced Overview

the Legal English Course Notes

  • NOT a typical textbook, NOT a course
  • NOTES of absolutely all the phrases for the TOLES Advanced exam
  • sets of sentences show you legal collocations in context
  • the areas of law described from a linguistic perspective: Which phrases do I need for the exam?

Legal English Course Notes offer you all the theory you need.

If you wish to do additional exercises with the Notes phrases, go to Legal English Boost.

For who

  • students of legal, business and financial English
  • candidates for the TOLES Advanced examination
  • legal and business professionals using English daily

The level

  • this level is best suited for B2+ or C1 English learners (higher-intermediate and advanced)
  • the higher your general English level, the easier it is to learn legal collocations
  • previous contact with legal English issues is highly recommended
  • ideal for independent learners of English who know how to study on their own

Areas of law

  • the Course Notes cover all the areas from the TOLES Advanced syllabus
  • the choice of legal collocations is dictated by the exam requirements
  • the Course Notes are not typical textbook

How you benefit

  • all the vocabulary in one place
  • all the areas of law presented clearly and briefly
  • you don’t need more sources or materials
  • you can consolidate your knowledge for the TOLES Advanced exam

How it is presented

  • all the vocabulary in one place
  • The material has been divided into Units.
  • In each Unit there are smaller Parts. Sometimes after Parts there are short language exercises to check your understanding.
  • To do more exercises for the TOLES Advanced exam, go to Legal English Boost.

How to work:

  • be systematic and persistent
  • do one section at a time rather than a dozen
  • start with any section of your choice
  • find your own time and place
  • practise on any device you wish

The price is PLN800.

go to the shop: soon

You buy access to LE Course Notes for 6 months.

Enjoy your practice.


You may find the following EXAMPLES of notes

  • sets of short sentences illustrating key ideas
Arbitration is a non-judicial process for the settlement of disputes where an independent third party makes a binding decision. An arbitrator plays a similar role to that of a judge, though the procedures are less formal. Arbitrators are often experts in their own fields.
  • just a list of phrases from a brainstorming session
the route for barristers:
– as a barrister you join an Inn of Court
– undertake the Bar Professional Training Course
– be called to the bar
– become an unregistered barrister
– complete the pupillage
– work under an experienced barrister
– apply for authorisation to practise
  • a wordlist offering more useful phrases, synonyms, related vocab for the topic
– the court has exclusive jurisdiction over the case
– the subject-matter / territorial jurisdiction
– the matter is outside the jurisdiction of …
– the matter falls within the jurisdiction of …
– the court remains competent to hear a case
– the lack of jurisdiction has been ascertained
  • sentences with multiple choice questions offer more phrases

1) The official steps taken to resolve any dispute are called proceedings procedure.

2) All the steps taken to deal with a particular legal case are called procedure proceedings.

3) Which word is more common in British legal terminology? proceedings proceeding

4) If there is a dispute between the parties, the proceedings are contentious non-contentious .

  • at times prepositions may be missing in a text

– employers have a duty ? persons other than employees (independent contractors, visitors ? the premises)

– the right to rest breaks, daily or weekly rest depending on the arrangements

– entitlement ? a minimum wage, the amount of which depends on the type of work and age

  • a set of True / False statements after the texts

1) Extensive formalities for this business vehicle is an effective disincentive. True False

2) A partners’ liability for a breach of contract is joint. False True

3) A general partner requires special qualifications. False True

  • sometimes a plain English equivalent is offered

– holiday entitlement plain English and pay, notification and approval procedures, how holiday pay is calculated, if leave can be carried over plain English to other leave years, if payments are clawed back from plain English an employee who has taken in excess of plain English holiday entitlement on termination


Table of contents

  • Legislation
  • Legal jobs
  • Arbitration
    • Arbitration Flashcards
  • Civil procedure
  • Employment law
    • Employment law I – VII
    • Employment law VIII – XIII
  • Contract law
    • Contract law theory I-V
    • Contract law theory VI-IX
    • Contract law language – I Boilerplate clauses
    • Contract law language – II Typical phrase
    • Contract law language – III Reference words
  • Company law
    • Company law I-IV
    • Company law V-VI
    • Company law VII-IX
    • Financial statements
  • Consumers and the law
  • Intellectual Property
  • Tort
  • Land law
  • Banking and finance terms
  • Insurance basic vocabulary