the Legal English Course Notes
- NOT a typical textbook, NOT a course
- NOTES of absolutely all the phrases for the TOLES Higher exam
- sets of sentences show you legal collocations in context
- the areas of law described from a linguistic perspective: Which phrases do I need for the exam?
Legal English Course Notes offer you all the theory you need for the Higher level.
If you wish to do additional exercises with the phrases from the Notes, go to Legal English Boost.
- students of legal, business and financial English
- candidates for the TOLES Higher examination
- legal and business professionals using English daily
- this level is best for B2 or C1 English learners (higher-intermediate and advanced)
- the higher your general English level, the easier it is to learn legal collocations
- previous contact with legal English issues is not a must
- ideal for independent learners of English who know how to study on their own
Areas of law
- the Course Notes cover all the areas from the TOLES Higher syllabus
- the choice of legal collocations is dictated primarily by the exam requirements
- the Course Notes are not a typical textbook, just briefly summarised ideas
How you benefit
- all the vocabulary shown in one place
- all the areas of law presented clearly and briefly
- you don’t need more sources or materials
- you can review your knowledge for the TOLES Higher exam
- test yourself and see if you know all these phrases
How it is presented
- The material has been divided into Units.
- In each Unit there are smaller Parts. Sometimes after Parts there are short language exercises to check your understanding.
- To do more exercises specifically designed for the TOLES Higher exam, go to Legal English Boost.
How to work:
- be systematic and persistent
- do one section at a time rather than a dozen
- start with any section of your choice
- find your own time and place
- practise on any device you wish
The price is PLN650.
go to the shop: soon
You buy access to LE Course Notes for 6 months.
Enjoy your practice.
You may find the following EXAMPLES of notes
- sets of short sentences illustrating key ideas
A tort is a civil wrong which should be distinguished from a crime and a contractual breach. Each tort covers the circumstances which give rise to a defendant’s liability for an act or omission.
- just a list of phrases from a brainstorming session
– what may the defendant do:
1) to file a response to the claim plain English
2) to fail to reply within the time limit specified by the court – plain English
3) to deny / reject / contest the claim
4) to file a counterclaim
5) to deny liability / allegations – plain English
- a wordlist offering more useful phrases, synonyms, related vocab for the topic
– The Act is currently in force / in effect
– under the Act
– pursuant to the Act
– in accordance with the Act
– under UK law or under the UK legislation
– under the relevant legislation
– it is permissible under applicable laws
- sentences with multiple choice questions offer more phrases
1) A verdict is entered in criminal civil proceedings.
2) A sentence is used in civil criminal law.
3) The court made an award of damage damages.
4) The court awarded rewarded $10,000 in compensation.
- at times prepositions may be missing in a text
– employers have a duty to ensure as far as is reasonably practicable the health, safety and welfare of all their employees
– employers have a duty ? persons other than employees (independent contractors, visitors ? the premises)
- a set of True / False statements after the texts
1) An encumbrance is anything that interferes with the free use of the property. True False
2) In an adjustable rate mortgage the interest rate is fixed. True False
3) Closing is the name for the final stage of the real estate transaction. True False
4) Only a conveyancer can draft a title deed. True False
- sometimes a plain English equivalent is given
▸ It is a consensual process
– nobody can compel you to go through it
– the parties may not unreasonably refuse it
– the parties commit to honour their arrangements
– the parties strive to reach a compromise to the situation
Table of contents
Legal English Course Notes – TOLES Higher
- Legal jobs
- Civil procedure
- Employment law
- Employment law I – VII
- Employment law VIII – XIII
- Contract law
- Contract law theory I-V
- Contract law theory VI-IX
- Contract law language – I Boilerplate clauses
- Contract law language – II Typical phrases
- Contract law language – III Reference words
- Company law
- Company law I-IV
- Company law V-VI
- Company law VII-IX
- Financial statements
- Consumers and the law
- Intellectual Property
- Insurance basic vocabulary
- Land law
- Banking and finance terms